The green revolution is thought to have produced significant increases in crop production, namely through high-yield crop varieties, chemical fertilizers, and pesticides. It is also credited with averting famines in countries such as India.
At the same time, critics point to the destruction of traditional crop and seed diversity, loss of soil fertility, exploitation of water resources leading to droughts, use of poisonous pesticides that cause sickness and disease among consumers, and increasing indebtedness and incidence of suicides among farmers.
Should farmers and consumers consider the green revolution as a boon or a bane to their economic and physical well-being? What are your thoughts?